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5th Muharram 1436 | Saturday, Nov 01, 2014
Islamic Hub

HADITH:THE CORRECT PRAYER

Saturday, 24 November 2012
Comments(6)
November 24:

Abu Huraira (radiAllahu anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallellahu alaihi wa sallam) entered the mosque and a person also entered therein and offered prayer, and then came and paid salutation to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.). The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) returned his salutation and said:

"Go back and pray, for you have not offered the prayer."

He again prayed as he had prayed before, and came to the Apostle of Allah (s.a.w.s.) and saluted him. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) returned the salutation and said:

"Go back and say prayer, for you have not offered the prayer."

This (act of repeating the prayer) was done three times. Upon this the person said:
'By Him Who hast sent you with Truth, whatever better I can do than this, please teach me.'

He (the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s)) said:

"When you get up to pray, recite takbir, and then recite whatever you conveniently can from the Qur'an, then bow down and remain quietly in that position, then raise yourself and stand erect; then prostrate yourself and remain quietly in that attitude; then raise yourself and sit quietly; and do that throughout all your prayers."

[Muslim/Bk-4/Number-0781]

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Rafa'yadain in Salah

Jazakallah to all of those brothers who have gathered evidences in favour of doing Rafa'yadain during salah. May Allah reward you the best and give good understanding of deen to those brothers of ours who simply rely on what their forefathers have practiced. I really wonder how can one be so negligent in exploring the truth! We are bound to follow the Sunnah of Rasoolullah SAWS even if it is contradicting with the opinions of Imams. All four Imams will recieve their reward for their immense efforts in gathering Ahadeeth and passing on to people. But, it is also true that, they themselves asked the followers to ignore their opinions or ijtehad in favour of saheeh hadeeth. May Allah give everyone of us to the right path! AAMEEN.

Raful deyn during Salah is Sunnah

Mashallah

Raising Hands

Raising the hands in prayer
en
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Dear Sir,
Assalam-o-alaikum,
Give us explanation of rafayadain in the prayer.
Is It permissible or not.

Praise be to Allaah.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to raise his hands for takbeerat al-ihram (the takbeer at the beginning of the prayer), sometimes whilst saying the takbeer, sometimes after it and sometimes before. (al-Bukhaari and al-Nisaa’i)

When he had finished reciting Qur’aan, he would pause for a moment then raise his hands, say takbeer and do rukoo’. (Sifat Salaat al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), p. 128).

He used to raise his hands when he stood up from rukoo’ (reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim), and this raising of the hands is mutawaatir (reported by so many to so many that it is inconceivable that they could all have agreed on a lie). It is the opinion of the majority of scholars and of some of the Hanafis. (Sifat Salaat al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by al-Albaani, p. 136).

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say takbeer when he got up for the third rak’ah (reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim), and he would raise his hands sometimes when he said this takbeer. (al-Bukhaari and Abu Dawood). (Sifat Salaat al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), p. 177).

Raising the hands in prayer was a well-known practice among the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Imaam al-Bukhaari said: “Al-Hasan and Humayd ibn Hilaal said: ‘The Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) all used to raise their hands, without exception.” (Juz’ raf’ al-yadayn, p. 26, ma’a jila’ al-‘aynayn).

Ibn al-Qayyim said: “Look at the practice at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the Sahaabah after him. They used to raise their hands in prayer when doing rukoo’, and when standing up again. And in the time of the Sahaabah, if ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar saw someone not raising his hands in prayer, he would throw a stone at him. [next phrase is unclear]. (I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een, 2/376).

So what is proven in the Sunnah with regard to raising the hands in prayer is that they should be raised at four points in the prayer: when pronouncing takbeerat al-ihraam, when doing rukoo’, when standing up from rukoo’, and after standing up from the first tashahhud. And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

Raful deyn during Salah is Sunnah

narrated by al-Bukhaari (735) and Muslim (390) from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both), who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to raise his hands to shoulder level when he started to pray, when he said “Allaahu akbar” before bowing in rukoo’, and when he raised his head from rukoo’.

The majority of scholars followed this hadeeth and said that it is mustahabb for the worshipper to raise his hands at the points mentioned in the hadeeth.

Imaam al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him) wrote a separate book on this issue which he called Juz’ fi Raf’ al-Yadayn (Section on Raising the Hands), in which he proved that the hands should be raised at these two points on the prayer, and he strongly denounced those who go against that. He narrated that al-Hasan said: “The Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to raise their hands during prayer when they bowed and when they stood up (from bowing).” Al-Bukhaari said, “Al-Hasan did not exclude any of the Sahaabah from that, and it was not proven that any one among the Sahaabah did not raise his hands.”

See al-Majmoo’ by al-Nawawi, 3/399-406.

We do not know whether the ahaadeeth about raising the hands reached Abu Haneefah (may Allaah have mercy on him) or not, but they did reach his followers. But they did not follow them because they had other ahaadeeth and reports which said that the hands should not be raised except when saying “Allaahu akbar” at the beginning of the prayer.

These ahaadeeth include the following:

The hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood (749) from al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib, which says that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to raise his hands almost to his ears when he started to pray, then he did not repeat (this action).

The hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood (748) from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “Shall I not lead you in prayer as the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did?” Then he prayed and he only raised his hands once.

See Nasb al-Raayah by al-Zayla’i, 1/393-407.

But these ahaadeeth were classed as da’eef (weak) by the imams of hadeeth.

The hadeeth of al-Baraa’ was classed as da’eef by Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyaynah, al-Shaafa’i, al-Humaydi the shaykh of al-Bukhaari, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Yahya ibn Ma’een, al-Daarimi, al-Bukhaari, and others.

The hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood was classed as da’eef by ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Mubaarak, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, al-Bukhaari, al-Bayhaqi, al-Daaraqutni and others. Similarly, the reports which were narrated from some of the Sahaabah about not raising the hands are all da’eef. We have quoted above the words of al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him): “…it was not proven that any one among the Sahaabah did not raise his hands.”

See Talkhees al-Habeer by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar, 1/221-223.

Once it is proven that these ahaadeeth and reports which say that the hands should not be raised are weak, then the ahaadeeth which say that the hands should be raised remain strong with no opposing reports. Hence the believer should not fail to raise his hands at the points in prayer described in the Sunnah. He should strive to make his prayer like the prayer of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) who said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 631). Hence ‘Ali ibn al-Madeeni, the shaykh of al-Bukhaari, said: “It is the duty of the Muslims to raise their hands when they bow in rukoo’ and when they stand up from rukoo’.” Al-Bukhaari said: “ ‘Ali was the most knowledgeable of the people of his time.”

Once the Sunnah has been explained clearly, no one has the right to ignore it, following whoever among the scholars said that. Imaam al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The scholars are agreed that if the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) becomes clear to a person, it is not permissible for him to ignore it in favour of the opinion of anyone.”

Madaarij al-Saalikeen, 2/335.

“If a man is following Abu Haneefah or Maalik or al-Shaafa’i or Ahmad, and he sees that the view of another madhhab concerning a given matter is stronger, and he follows that, then he has done well, and that does not detract from his religious commitment or good character. There is no scholarly dispute on this point. Rather this is more in accordance with the truth and is more beloved by Allaah and His Messenger.”

(Said by Shaykh al-Islam – may Allaah have mercy on him – in al-Fataawa, 22/247).

The scholars who said that the hands should not be raised based on their own ijtihaad are to be excused, for they will be rewarded for their ijtihaad and their seeking the truth, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a judge passes judgement based on his own ijtihaad and he is correct, he will have two rewards; if he passes judgement based on his own ijtihaad and he makes a mistake, he will have one reward.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7352; Muslim, 1716). See Raf’ al-Malaam ‘an al-A’immah al-A’laam by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah.

Note:

There is a fourth place where it is mustahabb to raise the hands during prayer; that is when standing up after the first Tashahhud for the third rak’ah. See question no. 3267.

May Allaah help us all to know the truth and follow it.

And Allaah knows best. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.
Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

Jazakallah

Jazakallah brother..keep up the good work

SUBHAN ALLAH

SUBHAN ALLAH

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