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11th Shabanul Mujam 1436 | Friday, May 29, 2015
Islamic Hub

THE MEANING OF WORSHIP

Wednesday, 16 January 2013
Comments(4)
January 16:

The statement of Allah - the Most High:
"I did not create the Jinn, nor mankind, except to worship Me."
[Al-Qur'an 51:56]

Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) -rahimahullah - said:"Worship (Al-'Ibadah) is obedience to Allah by following that which He ordered upon the tongues of His Messengers."
He also said:"Worship (Al-'Ibadah) is a comprehensive term covering everything that Allah loves and is pleased with - whether saying, or actions, outward and inward."[Majmu' al-Fatawa (10/149)]

Ibn Al-Qayyim (d. 751H) - rahimahullah - said:"Worship revolves around fifteen principles. Whosoever completes them has completed the stages of'ubudiyyah (servitude to Allah). The explanation of this is that 'ibadah is divided between the heart, the tongue, and the limbs. And that for each one of these three come five types of rulings, covering all actions: wajib (obligatory),mustahabb (recommended), haram (prohibited), makruh (disliked), andmubah (permissible)."[Madarijus-Salikin (1/109)]

Imam Al-Qurtubi (d. 671H) - rahimahullah - said:"The root of 'ibadah is humility and submissiveness. The various duties that have been prescribed upon the people are called 'ibadat (acts of worship), since what is required is that these acts of worship must be done with humility and submissiveness to Allah - the Most High."[Al-Jami' li-Ahkamil-Qur'an (1/225), and (17/56)]

Ibn Kathir (d. 774H) - rahimahullah - said:"And 'ibadah is obedience to Allah by acting upon what He commands, and abandoning what He forbids; and this is the reality and essence of Islam. And the meaning of Islam is: istislam(submission and surrender) to Allah - the Most High - along with the utmost compliance, humility, and submissiveness to Him."

He also said whilst explaining the above ayah:
"Indeed Allah - the Most High - created the creation so that they could worship Him alone, without associating any partner with Him. Whoever obeys Him will be completely rewarded, whereas whoever disobeys Him would be punished with a severe punishment. And He has informed that He is neither dependant, nor does He have any need for them. Rather, it is they who are in dire need of Him, in every condition and circumstance, since He is the One who created, sustains, and provides for them."
[Tafsir al-Qur'an al-'Adhim (7/402)]

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IBADAH

The term 'ibadah has several different meanings, though all related to each other. The basic concept implied by the root word, 'abd, is that of acknowledging someone other than oneself as holding supremacy or enjoying overlordship and of abdicating one's freedom and independence in big favour, of relinquishing any resistance to or disobedience of him, and of surrendering oneself totally to his authority. Since slavery or bondage too are tantamount to similar status, the first sense the word conveys to the mind of any Arab is of this very factor, namely, slavery or bondage.

Also, since the primary role of a slave is to obey his master and carry out his wishes, the word also carries the sense of submission and obedience. Next, a slave not only submits himself to the will of his master physically, but mentally too he accepts his supremacy, and if he at the same time has feelings of gratitude for his kindnesses and favours, he is inclined spontaneously to go out of his way in extolling the master and in showing respect and regard for him. He expresses and demonstrates his obligation in many ways to show his deep attachment, in a manner amounting almost to worship although, obviously, this comes into play only when, in addition to physical bondage, there is mental attachment too.

There are two other senses also in which the word or its derivatives are employed, but they are secondary, and hence it is not necessary to go into them at this stage.

http://www.quranforall.org/quran/FBQT.HTM#IBADAH

Subhanallah

Subhanallah

SUBHAN ALLAH

SUBHAN ALLAH

Subhan Allah

Subhanallahi wa be hamdihi subhanallhil Azeem.

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