|
|
|
|
|
1st Rajabul Murajab 1436 | Monday, Apr 20, 2015
Health

Occupational therapy can benefit kids with autism

Monday, 2 December 2013
Comments(0)
Washington, December 02:

Researchers have found that occupational therapy using the principles of sensory integration (OT-SI) provide better outcomes on parent-identified goals than standard care.

OT-SI therapy for autism is based on the premise that difficulty interpreting sensory information affects the ability to participate fully in everyday activities including eating, dressing, learning and play activities. Typical sensations are often perceived as distracting or distressing for children with Autism.

The current standard of care is behavioural training, which reinforces properly completed tasks, but can take up to 25 to 40 hours per week for up to 2 years to see a change in behaviour.

Neuroscientist Roseann Schaaf, the lead investigator on the study, and colleagues used sensory integration strategies, a form of treatment that is frequently requested by parents. This intervention identifies the type of sensory difficulties and then designs playful activities to help make sense of the sensation.

For example, one goal identified by parents was for their child to take a shower without becoming distressed and exhibiting overly disruptive behaviours. Whereas this behaviour would be treated by a behavioural therapist by providing rewards for incremental increases in time spent in the shower, an occupational therapist would assess whether there were any sensory factors affecting this activity.

The occupational therapist would assess the child's ability to tolerate the water hitting their skin, or managing the auditory, visual, tactile, and olfactory sensations during the shower, as well as whether the child was managing their body sensations-called proprioception-and use that information to design specific activities that address these difficulties.

Then, the OT-SI therapist might work with the child in a large ball pit to decrease tactile sensitivity and improve body awareness. Importantly, the therapy is playful and the child is actively engaged.

The study is published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. (ANI)

Latest News

BNP calls shutdown on Wednesday to protest...

The opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) has called a nationwide shutdown on Wednesday to protest the attack on party chief Khaleda ...

UN chief slams execution of Ethiopian Chri...

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Monday condemned "in the strongest terms, the barbaric killing of a number of Ethiopian nationals by ind ...

China, Pakistan to lift bilateral trade to...

China and Pakistan on Monday agreed to work towards raising bilateral trade to $20 billion in three years. The agreement was announced in ...

Related News

Bird flu in Manipur, culling of fowl starts

Bird flu or avian influenza has resurfaced in northeastern state of Manipur and the culling of poult ...

Orange glasses may help you sleep better

You may have a great night's sleep if you put on orange glasses some hours before going to bed, says ...

New skin gel may treat acute migraine

Applying a new gel on the skin, over the trigeminal nerve branches, can be a safe and effective alternative treatment fo ...

Post new comment

To combat spam, please enter the code in the image.

Rs. 26550 (Per 10g)

Opinion Poll
In view of Bird Flu, should we stop eating chicken items from road side vendors?
YesNoCan't say

Matrimony | Photos | Videos | Search | Polls | Archives | Advertise | Letters

© The Siasat Daily, 2012. All rights reserved.
Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Abids, Hyderabad - 500001, Telangana, India
Tel: +91-40-24744180, Fax: +91-40-24603188
contact@siasat.com