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29th Muharram 1436 | Sunday, Nov 23, 2014
Islamic Hub

PURITY AND SINCERITY OF INTENTIONS

Saturday, 20 April 2013
Comments(3)
April 20:

'IKHLAS' (purity and sincerity of intentions)

It is the stripping (i.e. the purifying) of one's intentions in order to draw closer to Allah - the Mighty and Majestic - in all matters. It is also said that ikhlas is intending to single out Allah alone with acts of obedience. It has also been said thatikhlas is to forget about the creation by constantly looking towards the Creator.
And ikhlas (sincerity) is a condition for Allah to accept those righteous actions that are done in accordance with the Sunnah (guidance) of Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam.

So Allah -the Most High - commanded us with His saying:

"And they have not been commanded except to worship Allah alone, having ikhlas (purity of intention) in their Religion and not setting-up partners with Allah in the worship of Him."
(Al-Qur'an 38:5)

Abu Umamah radhiallahu 'anhu relates:
Once a man came to Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam and said: What do you think about a person who joins us in the fighting only to seek fame and wealth? So Allah's Messengersallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam replied: "He receives nothing!" The man repeated the question three times, each time Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "He recieves nothing!" Then he said: "Indeed Allah does not accept an action except if it is done with ikhlas (i.e. purely for Allah's sake), seeking nothing but His Face."
[An Nasai: 6/25]

Zayd ibn Thabit radhiallahu 'anhu relates:
The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said:"May Allah brighten whosoever hears my words, memorises them and then conveys them to others. Many a carrier of knowledge does not understand it, and many a carrier of knowledge conveys it to one who has better understanding. There are three things which the heart of a Believer has no malice about: Ikhlas for Allah in one's action; sincere advice to the Muslim leaders; and clinging to the Jama'ah." 2
[Ahmed: 4/80; Ibn Maajah: 230]

The meaning of the above being that these three matters strengthen the heart. And that whosoever adopts them, then his heart will be purified from deceit, corruption and evil. And no servant can be free from Shaytan except by having ikhlas, as Allah - the Mighty and Majestic - said:"Except those of Your servants who have ikhlas."
(Al-Qur'an: 38:83)

So ikhlas is: Cleansing the heart from all impurities - whether large or small - such that the intention of drawing closer to Allah is stripped of all other motives, except that. And this matter cannot be imagined, except from someone who truly loves Allah; and who is so absorbed in thinking about the akhirah (Hereafter), that there remains no place in his heat for the love of this world to settle. The likes of such a person - even when he is eating, drinking or any other work - has ikhlas in his actions and has correct intentions. However, whosoever is not like this, then the doors of ikhlas will be closed to him - except in rare exceptions. Likewise, whosoever is overwhelmed with the love of Allah and the love of the Hereafter, then the actions that he does will all be characterised with this ikhlas. However, if the person's soul is overwhelmed with this dunya (world), then the actions that he does will be characterised with this love, such that no act of worship - whether it be fasting or praying, or other than these - will be accepted from him, except in a few cases.

The cure for loving this world is to break these worldly desires that the soul has, curing-off the greed it has for this world and purifying it for the Hereafter. This will then become the overwhelming trait of the heart and with this state achieving ikhlas will become much easier. For how many actions there are that a person does, thinking that they are done with true ikhlas (sincerity), seeking only the Face of Allah, but he is deluded, for he does not see the defects in them!

"MAY ALLAH (SWT) GRANT US PURITY AND SINCERITY IN ALL OUR INTENTIONS AND ACTIONS. AAMEEN!"

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ATTRIBUTES OF A RIGHTEOUS WIFE

ATTRIBUTES OF A RIGHTEOUS WIFE
Information From The Righteous Wife By Muhammad Shoomaan, Translated by Abu Talhah
Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank
"If a woman prays her five (daily prayers), fasts her month (i.e. Ramadan), guards her
private parts, and obeys her husband, it will be said to her, ‘Enter Paradise through
whichever of the gates of Paradise you wish.’" (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
DEVOTION AND OBEDIENCE TO ALLAH (SWT) such that she fulfills His rights, such as
the prayer, fasting, chastity covering herself, withholding her gaze and so on.
OBEDIENCE TO HER HUSBAND IN THAT WHICH DOES NOT INVOLVE DISOBEDIENCE TO
ALLAH (SWT) such that she fulfills his rights completely.
Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "If I were to order anyone to prostrate to other than Allah, I
would have ordered the woman to prostrate to her husband. By Him in whose Hand is the
soul of Muhammad, the woman will not fulfilled the rights of her Lord until she fulfills the
rights of her husband; and even if he were to request her for himself (i.e. to have intercourse
with her) whilst she was sitting upon a camel's saddle, she should not refuse him."(Sahih,
reported by Ibn Maajah and Ahmad from Abdullah ibn Awfaa)
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "It is not right that any human being should prostrate to
another human being, and if it were right for a human being to prostrate to another human
being I would have ordered the woman to prostrate to her husband due to the greatness of
his rights upon her. By Him in whose Hand is my soul, if from his foot the crown of his head
there was a wound pouring forth with pus, and she (his wife) came and licked that, then she
would (still) not have fulfilled his right." (Good, reported by Ahmad and others)
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "If the woman knew the right of the husband, she would
not sit when his morning and evening meals were presented until he finished." (Reported by
al-Bazzar and others)
THAT SHE GUARDS AND PRESERVES HERSELF AND HER HONOUR, IN THE
ABSENCE OF HER HUSBAND,FROM THE HAND OF ANYONE WISHING TO TOUCH
HER, THE EYE OF ANYONE WISHING TO LOOK UPON HER, AND THE EAR OF
ANYONE WISHING TO LISTEN TO HER.
LIKEWISE THAT SHE PRESERVES HER HUSBAND’S CHILDREN, home and wealth.
Allah (SWT) says: "Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has
made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from
their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their
husbands), and guard in the husband’s absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their
chastity, their husband’s property, etc.)…" (An-Nisa’ 4:34)
As-Sa’dee said, "They are obedient to Allah (SWT), they are obedient to their husbands
even when the husbands are absent and she guards herself and her husband’s property."
The Prophet (SAW) said, "If a woman prays her five (daily prayers), fasts her month (i.e.
Ramadan), guards her private parts, and obeys her husband, it will be said to her, ‘Enter
Paradise through whichever of the gates of Paradise you wish.’" (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
SERVING HER HUSBAND.
First of all by carrying out what is required in his house, such as bringing up and educating
the children, preparing the meals and the beds and so on.
From Husayn ibn Mihsan who said that my paternal aunt said, "I came to Allah’s Messenger
(SAW) for some need, so he asked, ‘You there! Are you married?’ I replied, ‘Yes.’ He then
asked, ‘How are you towards your husband?’ She responded, ‘I do not fall short in his service
except with regard to what I am unable to do.’ He said, ‘Then look to your standing with him,
for indeed he is your Paradise and your Fire.’" (Sahih, reported by al-Haadim and others)
Here is an example of how Asma bint Abu Bakr (RA), served her husband. She said,
"Az-Zubayr married me and he did not have any property or slaves or anything upon the
earth except for a camel which drew water from the well and his horse. So I used to feed his
horse, draw the water, stitch his water bucket, and prepare the dough, but I was not
proficient in baking bread - so ladies from the Ansar who were my neighbours and were
honourable used to bake the bread for me.
I also used to carry the date-stones upon my head, from the land given to az-Zubayr by
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) - and it was about two miles away. One day when I was coming
with the date-stones on my head, I met Allah’s Messenger (SAW) and a group of the Ansar
were with him.
So he called me and said, ‘Ikh, ikh (a word said to make the camel kneel down.).’ in order to
carry me behind him upon the camel. But I felt shy to proceed along with the men, and I
thought of az-Zubayr and his sense of jealousy, and he was one of the most jealous of the
people. So Allah’s Messenger (SAW) saw my shyness and so passed on. So I came to az-
Zubayr and said, ‘Allah’s Messenger (SAW) met me while I was carrying the date-stones upon
my head and with him were a group of his Companions.
He caused his riding camel to kneel, but I felt shy and remembered your sense of jealousy.’
So he said, ‘By Allah (SWT) your having to carry the date-stones is harder upon me than that
you should ride along with him.’" She said, "Then later on Abu Bakr sent me a servant to look
after the horse, so it was if he had set me free." (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
The scholars differ with regard to the ruling about a woman serving her husband. Shaykhul-
Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said, "The scholars differed about whether she has to serve her
husband with regard to the like of household bedding, preparing food and drinks, baking the
bread, grinding the corn, and providing food for his slaves and cattle - such as providing
fodder for his riding beast and so on."
Some of them say: It is not obligatory for her to serve him - and this is a weak saying, like
the weakness of the saying that it is not obligatory upon her to live together with him and
have intercourse with him! However what is correct is that it is obligatory to serve him, since
the husband is her master according to the Book of Allah (SWT), and she is a captive with
him according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW), and the captive and the slave have to
serve - and this is something known.
Allah (SWT) says: "…Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to
their husbands), and guard in the husband’s absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g.
their chastity, their husband’s property, etc.)…" (An-Nisa’ 4:34)
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said in the sermon of the Farewell Pilgrimage: "…treat your
women well, for they are captives with you." (Hasan Sahih, reported by at-Tirmidhee)
This Ayat shows that it is obligatory upon her to serve her husband unrestrictedly, including:
serving him, traveling along with him, making herself available to him, and so on - just as it is
obligatory to obey the parents, since the obedience due from her to the parents transfers to
the husband.
KEEPING THE HUSBAND'S SECRETS.
Particularly what occurs between him and her in private - with regard to sexual matters and
the private affairs within the marriage? Disclosing the husband’s secrets will hurt him and
anger him and this contradicts obedience to him and seeking to please him. Furthermore
preserving his secrets is one of the duties of the righteous and obedient woman, as described
in the Saying of Allah (SWT), "…Guard in the husband’s absence what Allah
orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband’s property, etc.)…" (An-Nisa’ 4:34)
Part of their guarding what they are to guard in the absence of their husbands is that they
should not broadcast their secrets. From Asma bint Yazeed (RA), who said that she was in
the company of Allah's Messenger (SAW) and men and women were sitting, and he (SAW)
said, "Perhaps a man mentions that which he did with his wife, and perhaps a woman
informs of what she does with her husband?!"
So the people were silent, so I said, "Yes, by Allah (SWT), O Messenger of Allah (SAW)! The
women certainly do that, and the men certainly do that." He (SAW) said, "Then do not do so,
since that is just like a male devil meeting a female devil upon the way, and he has
intercourse with her while the people are watching." (Reported by Ahmad and there are
witnessing narration’s which raise it to the level of being Sahih or Hasan at the very least)
SHE SHOULD APPEAR BEFORE THE HUSBAND IN THE BEST APPEARANCE, SUCH
THAT IF HE LOOKS AT HER IT PLEASES HIM.
Abu Hurairah (RA), narrates the Messenger Of Allah (SAW) was asked, "Which of the women
is the best?" He replied, "The one who gives him (the husband) pleasure when he looks (at
her outer beauty, or the inner
THE RIGHTEOUS WIFE AND HUSBAND 7
beauty of her good character and how she devotes herself to obedience to Allah and taqwa);
obeys him when he orders; and does not go against his wishes with regard to herself or her
wealth by doing that which he dislikes." (Sahih Muslim, reported by an-Nasaa’ee, al-Haakim
and Ahmad)
SHE SHOULD NOT SPEND ANY OF HIS WEALTH OR HER WEALTH EXCEPT WITH
HIS PERMISSION
From Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (RA) who said that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "It is
not permissible for a woman to give a gift except with the permission of her husband."
(Hasan, reported by Abu Dawud an-Nasaa’ee and Ahmad)
Shaikh Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al-Albani (ra) said, "However it is not becoming for the
husband - if he is a sincere Muslim - that he should use this ruling to play the tyrant with his
wife and to prevent her from utilizing her wealth in a manner which will not harm either of
them. Indeed this right is very similar to the right of the girl’s guardian - who is such that she
cannot get herself married except with his permission. But if he unjustly prevents her, then
the matter is raised to the Islamic judge for justice to be attained. Likewise is the ruling with
regard to a woman’s wealth if her husband oppresses her and prevents her from spending
her wealth in a lawful and prescribed manner - then the judge will also bring about justice for
her. So there is no problem with the ruling itself, rather the problem is in how it is misused."
SHE SHOULD NOT PERMIT ANYONE TO ENTER HER HUSBAND'S HOUSE EXCEPT
WITH HIS PERMISSION
From Abu Hurairah (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "It is not
permissible for a woman to fast when her husband is present except with his permission; nor
may she permit anyone to enter his house except with his permission; and whatever she
spends in charity without his order - then half of the reward is for him." (Reported by Al-
Bukhari)
SHE SHOULD NOT ASK HER HUSBAND FOR DIVORCE WITHOUT A REASON
NECESSITATING THAT
From Thawbaan (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Whichever woman
asks her husband for divorce without a strong reason - then the fragrance of Paradise will be
forbidden for her." (Sahih Muslim, reported by Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhee and others)
AVOIDANCE OF CURSING
Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree (RA) said, "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) went out to the prayerground
for the (prayer of) Adhaa or Fitr, and he passed by the women and said, ‘O women!
Give in charity, for I have been shown that you shall be the majority of the people in the
Fire.’ So they asked, ‘Why is that, O Messenger of Allah(SAW)!’ He replied, ‘You curse
frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands.’" (Reported by Al-Bukhari)
BEING THANKFUL TO THE HUSBAND FOR THE GOOD HE DOES AND FOR HIS GOOD
TREATMENT TO HIS WIFE.
This is accomplished by good words, and by her obedience to him in what is good, and by
not forgetting his good treatment and avoiding denying this, since that is one of the reasons,
which brings about the entry into the Fire.
From Ibn Abbass (RA), who said that the Prophet (SAW) said, "I was shown the Fire and
found that the majority of its inhabitants were women, due to ingratitude. It was said: "Is it
that they disbelieve in Allah?" He said: They are ungrateful to their husbands and deny the
good they do. If you were to treat one of them well always, and she then saw something
(displeasing) from you she would say: ‘I have never seen any good from you.’"
(Reported by Al-Bukhari)
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "Allah will not look at a woman who is not thankful to her
husband and she cannot do without him."
SHE SHOULD NOT REMOVE HER CLOTHES OUTSIDE HER HUSBAND'S HOUSE
THE RIGHTEOUS WIFE AND HUSBAND 8
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "Whichever woman removes her clothes in other than her
house, then Allah (SWT), will tear down His cover from her." (Sahih-Jami, reported by al-
Haakim and others)
Al-Manawee said, "’Allah (SWT) will tear down His cover from her’ since because she has
failed to take care of what she has been commanded with regard to covering herself from
strangers, then this is the recompense she receives, the recompense being of the type of the
action. What is apparent is that removal of her clothing means uncovering herself to strange
males, for the purpose of sexual intercourse or that which leads to it. As opposed to
the case if she were to remove her clothes amongst women, whilst covering her private
parts, since there is no reason for that to enter into this warning."

Define a husband's duties in Islam

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