Islam provides us with the astonishing details of the creation of Adam. Both Christian and Jewish traditions are remarkably similar yet importantly different to the Quran. The Book of Genesis describes Adam as being made from “the dust of the earth,” and in the Talmud, Adam is described as being kneaded from mud.
And Allah said to the angels:
“‘Verily, I am going to place mankind generations after generations on earth.’ They said: ‘Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, while we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You.’ Allah said: ‘I know that which you do not know.’”
So begins the story of Adam, Alaihis Salaam, the first man, the first human being. Allah created Adam from a handful of soil containing portions from all its varieties on Earth. Angels were sent to earth to collect the soil that was to become Adam. It was red, white, brown, and black; it was soft and malleable, hard and gritty; it came from the mountains and the valleys; from infertile deserts and lush fertile plains and all the natural varieties in between. The descendants of Adam were destined to be as diverse as the handful of soil from which their ancestor was created; all have different appearances, attributes and qualities.
SOIL OR CLAY?
Throughout the Quran, the soil used to create Adam is referred to by many names, and from this we are able to understand some of the methodology of his creation. Each name for soil is used at a different stage of Adam’s creation. Soil, taken from the earth, is referred to as soil; Allah also refers to it as clay. When it is mixed with water it becomes mud, when it is left to stand the water content reduces and it becomes sticky clay (or mud). If it is again left for some time it begins to smell, and the colour becomes darker – black, smooth clay. It was from this substance that Allah moulded the form of Adam. His soulless body was left to dry, and it became what is known in the Quran as sounding clay. Adam was moulded from something akin to potter’s clay. When it is rapped it produces a ringing sound.
THE FIRST MAN IS HONOURED:
And Allah said, to the Angels:
“And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: ‘I am going to create a human (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.”
Allah honoured the first human, Adam, Alaihis Salaam, in countless ways. Allah blew his soul into him, He fashioned him with His own hands and He ordered the Angels to bow down before him. And Allah said to the Angels:
“….Prostrate to Adam and they prostrated except Iblees (Satan) ….”
While worship is reserved for Allah Alone this prostration by the Angels to Adam was a sign of respect and honour. It is said that, as Adam’s body trembled into life, he sneezed and immediately said ‘All praise and thanks is due to God;’ so Allah responded by bestowing His Mercy upon Adam. Although this account is not mentioned in either the Quran or the authentic narrations of the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, it is mentioned in some commentaries of the Quran. Thus, in his first seconds of life, the first man is recognized as an honoured creature, covered with the infinite Mercy of Allah.
It was also said by the Prophet Muhammad (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) that Allah created Adam in His image. This does not mean that Adam was created to look similar to Allah, as Allah is unique in all His aspects, we are unable to comprehend or form an image of Him. It does mean, however, that Adam was given some qualities which also Allah has, although incomparable. He was given qualities of mercy, love, free will, and others.
THE FIRST GREETING:
Adam was instructed to approach a group of Angels sitting near to him and greet them with the words ‘Assalamu alaikum’ (May Allah’s peace be upon you), they answered ‘and also upon you be Allah’s peace, mercy and blessings’. From that day forward these words became the greeting of those submitted to Allah. From the moment of Adam’s creation, we his descendents were instructed to spread peace.
ADAM, THE CARETAKER:
Allah told mankind that He did not create them except that they should worship Him. Everything in this world was created for Adam and his descendants, in order to aid us in our ability to worship and know Allah. Due to Allah’s infinite Wisdom, Adam and his descendants were to be the caretakers on earth, so Allah taught Adam what he needed to know to perform this duty. Allah mentions:
“He taught Adam all the names of everything.”
Allah gave Adam the ability to identify and designate names to everything; He taught him language, speech and the ability to communicate. Allah imbued Adam with an insatiable need for and love of knowledge. After Adam had learned the names and uses for all things Allah said to the Angels…
“‘tell me the names of these if you are truthful.’ They answered ‘Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Verily it is You the All Knower, the All Wise.’”
Allah turned to Adam and said:
“‘O Adam! Inform them of their names,’ and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been hiding?”
Adam tried to speak with the Angels, but they were occupied worshipping Allah. The Angels were given no specific knowledge or freedom of will, their sole purpose being to worship and praise Allah. Adam, on the other hand, was given the ability to reason, make choices and identify objects and their purpose. This helped to prepare Adam for his coming role on earth. So Adam knew the names of everything, but he was alone in Heaven. One morning Adam awoke to find a woman gazing at him.