India sends the largest number of engineers and scientists to the US with about 950,000 immigrant scientists and engineers coming from the country, according to a report.
The report prepared by the National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) said the number of scientists and engineers residing in the US rose from 21.6 million to 29 million from 2003 to 2013.
“In 2013, a total of 950,000 immigrant scientists and engineers were born in India, representing a nearly 85 % increase from 2003,” the report said.
This 10-year increase included significant growth in number of immigrant scientists and engineers, from 3.4 million to 5.2 million.
In 2013, among all 5.2 million immigrant scientists and engineers in the US, 57 %were born in Asia; 20 % in North America (excluding the US), Central America, the Caribbean or South America; 16 % in Europe; six % in Africa and less than one % in Oceania, it said.
“Among the Asian countries, India continued to be the top country of birth for immigrant scientist and engineers in the United States,” the report said.
Observing that immigrants went from making up 16 % of the science and engineering workforce to 18%, the report said while 63 % of US immigrant scientists and engineers were naturalised citizens, 22 % were permanent residents and 15 % temporary visa holders.
Since 2003, the number of scientists and engineers from the Philippines increased 53 % while the number from China (including Hong Kong and Macau) increased 34%.
The report found that immigrant scientists and engineers were more likely to have earned post-baccalaureate degrees than their US-born counterparts.
In 2013, 32 % of immigrant scientists reported their highest degree was a master’s (compared to 29 % of US-born counterparts) and 9 % reported it was a doctorate (compared to 4 % of US-born counterparts).
The most common fields of study for immigrant scientist and engineers in 2013 were engineering, computer and mathematical sciences and social and related sciences.
Over 80 % of immigrant scientists and engineers were employed in 2013, the same percentage as their US-born counterparts.
Among the immigrants in the science and engineering workforce, the largest share (18%) worked in computer and mathematical sciences, while the second-largest share (8%) worked in engineering.
US trade delegation to visit India next year to boost investments, trade ties
Three occupations – life scientist, computer and mathematics scientist and social and related scientist – saw substantial immigrant employment growth from 2003 to 2013, the report said.