1. ISRAAF (EXTRAVAGANCE)
“But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters (Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)).”
(Surah Al An’am 6:141)
Excessive spending and lavishness in everything is the core of evil and leads to greater evil. It makes one forget the hereafter and preparing for it. Such acts would be a cause of humiliation and disgrace on the Day of Judgment.
That is why Almighty Allah has prescribed zakah (obligatory alms) and sadaqah (voluntary charity) in order to bless the wealth and to curb extravagance in eating, drinking, clothing and in everything we do.
2. ISTIKBAAR (PRIDE)
“verily He loveth not the arrogant (proud).”
(Surah Al Nahl 16:23)
And the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) says,
“Pride is to completely disregard the truth and scorn (looking down upon) the people”
Sometimes a person might be deceived by his/ her knowledge, wealth and property, lineage and ancestry, or worship and be arrogant and boastful.
Al-Hasan Al-Basri (r.a) advised that:
“Do not become proud merely because you worship often, for consider what happened to Iblis after he spent a great deal of time worshipping” (Gems and jewels – wise sayings, interesting events & moral lessons from the Islamic history, compiled by Abdul-Malik Mujahid (Darussalam))
Pride is among the greatest means of damage to a person’s wealth and circumstances. It distances one away from Allah’s love and “He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter paradise.”
[Sahih Muslim, Book: 001, Hadith: 0166]
3. MUKHTAL FAKHOOR (ARROGANT BOOSTER)
“for Allah loveth not any arrogant boaster.”
(Surah Luqman 31:18)
Being arrogant and boastful are a deadly combination – beauty, knowledge, wealth and noble lineage should be taken as gifts from Almighty Allah and one should be humble and grateful for them rather than make them a means of pride and oppression.
Servants of Allah cannot be true to themselves as long as they are flattering themselves, walking in an arrogant manner and looking down on people who are inferior to them and not mix with them. The one who is arrogant in this world will be disgraced on the Day of Judgment.
Prophet Muhammad (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) says,
“The arrogant will be gathered on the Day of Judgment in the form of small ants. Humiliation will surround them from everywhere.”
4. UDWAAN (TRANSGRESSION)
“for Allah loveth not those given to excess (Transgression).”
(Surah Al Ma’idah 5:87)
Human characteristics have limitations, which if surpassed would be transgression and if one falls short of it, it would be a defect – for example, generosity has a limitation, when surpassed, it becomes extravagance, when courage is surpassed, it becomes rashness; when ibadah (worship) is surpassed, one falls into the risk of adopting bid’ah.
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (RadiAllahu Anhu):
“A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) asking how the Prophet worshipped (Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said, “Where are we from the Prophet as his past and future sins have been forgiven.”
Then one of them said,
“I will offer the prayer throughout the night forever.”
The other said,
“I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast.”
The third said,
“I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever.”
Allah’s Apostle came to them and said:
“Are you the same people who said so-and-so? By Allah, I am more submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers).”‘
[Sahih Bukhari, Book: 62, Hadith: 1]
Therefore, moderation is the best way to deal with all matters – it is not to exaggerate and make it hard for ourselves by prohibiting the permissible things. And not to transgress the limits by excessively indulging in the permissible matters but rather we should only use what satisfies our need and not fall into extravagance.
5. ZULM (EVIL, WRONGDOING)
“but God loveth not those who do wrong (Zalimun (oppressors, polytheists and wrong doers)).”
(Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:57)
This is a reprehensible trait whose existence spoils the Iman and darkens the heart. The wrongdoers are those who have chosen the tempting transient life instead of the hereafter. All acts of wrongdoing such as stealing, breach of trust, embezzlement, usurping the rights of others, and bribery, have serious consequences in the hereafter.
In a Hadith, Abu Dharr (RadiAllahu Anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said:
“My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another.”
[Sahih Muslim, Book: 032, Hadith: 6246]
6. KHIYAANAH (DECEITFULNESS)
“for Allah loveth not the treacherous.”
(Surah Al Anfal 8:58)
The treacherous one is two-faced and inconsistent in words and deeds. Acts of treachery lead to betrayal, disloyalty, perfidy, deception and hypocrisy which in turn soil the Iman.
7. IFSAAD (MISCHIEF-MAKING)
“And Allah loveth not those who do mischief.”
(Surah Al Ma’idah 5:64)
This is a comprehensive term which includes great crimes, sins, oppression, carrying false tales, hypocrisy, tyranny and all kinds of mischief. All these acts are despicable and stain the Iman.
Hasten today to adopt the qualities that Almighty Allah loves and don’t rest until they become second nature to you; hasten today to abandon all the qualities Allah does not love and don’t relent until you hate them with all your heart. The Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:
“Faith wears out in the heart of any one of you just as clothes wear out, so ask Allah to renew the faith in your hearts.”
[Al-Haakim in Al-Mustadrak and Al-Haythami in Majma Az-Zawaa’id]
Therefore the key is supplication, resorting to Allah and sincere desire to please Him followed by action, so we say,
“O Allah make Iman beloved to us and beautify it in our hearts.”
8. PUBLICITY OF EVIL
“Allah does not like that evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower.”
This is very commong in our Ummah now, people commit sins openly and also when they do certain sins people dont know about they come and announce it with pride these people call upon Allah’s wrath is a dangerous thing to do.
9. OBSCENE WORDS AND ACTS
Ahmed narrated: Allah’s Messenger (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:
“Allah hates obscene words and acts.”
Again one of the most common disease our Ummah is suffering from. They use obscene language and think they are cool or just for fun.
“Verily, Allah likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allah [those who disobey Allah but obey Satan].”
“Verily, He likes not the Thalimun (oppressors, polytheists, and wrongdoers).”
“And Allah likes not mischief.”
“Verily, Allah does not like anyone who is a betrayer, a sinner.”
14. EXULTANT FOR WORLDLY DESIRES
“Verily, Allah likes not those who exult (with riches, being ungrateful to Allah).”
The remedy for all these diseases is the love of Allah Almighty, His Messenger (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and the Pleasures of the Hereafter. Allah’s love has many fruits and positive consequences, namely, Allah gives whoever loves contentment and satisfaction and this is one of the graces of Allah in this world. Allah’s Messenger (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:
“If Allah loves someone He calls Gabriel (the angel) and says: I love so-and-so, so you love him. Gabriel loves him, and calls the other angels in Heaven to love that person. They love him, then his love will be made upon earth, and he becomes beloved. And if Allah hates someone He calls Gabriel and says: I hate so-and-so and you hate him. Gabriel hates him and calls the angels in Heaven and says: Allah hates so-and-so, so you all hate him. They all hate him, and his hatred is made upon earth and he becomes hated.”