Text message reminders can help reduce people’s blood pressure by encouraging patients to collect and take their medication and educate them about hypertension and its treatment, a new study has found.
Researchers from the Oxford University in UK and University of Cape Town in South Africa conducted a study on over 1300 adults with high blood pressure in the Cape Town area.
They compared text message reminders and interactive text messaging to a control group receiving standard care.
Patients were randomly split into three equal-sized groups. All patients received written information about high blood pressure and healthy living.
The first group then received weekly messages at a time and in the language they chose (Afrikaans, English, or isiXhosa).
The messages, designed in consultation with people in low-income communities in the area, encouraged patients to collect and take their medication and educated them about hypertension and its treatment.
Extra messages were sent to remind people when medicine was ready for collection or when they had a clinic appointment.
The second group received the same text messages but were able to interact with the automated service by calling to change or cancel appointments or change the language or time of the messages. The third group received standard care.
Health workers used mobile phones linked to blood pressure measuring devices to collect health information about patients, and text messaging was managed automatically.
After twelve months, all three groups had reduced blood pressure. However, those who had received text messages had a slightly greater reduction in their blood pressure and were more likely to have achieved a controlled blood pressure.
Those who had had reminders were also more likely to have taken their medicine at least 80 per cent of the time – almost two thirds of those getting information messages reached that standard compared to just under half of those receiving standard care.
“The improvements seen were equivalent to those expected from intensive one-to-one behavioural counselling, which is usually more expensive,” said Andrew Farmer from Oxford University.
“When we consider that those good at sticking to treatment are 20 per cent less likely to die prematurely than those who don’t manage that, any relatively low-cost intervention that helps people manage their high blood pressure successfully can save the very real personal, social and economic costs of the disease,” he added.
The findings were published in the journal American Heart Association journal Circulation.