Ransomware is a type of malicious software which blocks access to data until a ransom is paid. It also displays message to pay certain amount to unlock the locked filed. This software encrypts the files on hard disk, making it inaccessible.
How it works
- Attacker will send an email which contains viruses.
- Email tricks the victim into clicking on attachment or visit a webpage.
- Once clicked, the virus starts spreading.
- Virus will then encrypt files on your hard disk and makes it inaccessible.
- Finally will ask to pay certain amount as ‘Ransom’ to decrypt the files.
How to defend against the ransomware
- All versions of Windows prior to Windows 10 are vulnerable to ‘Ransomware’ but Windows 10 is safe from it.
- As Windows 10 is safe from “Ransomware” attack, running Windows Update on systems will defend from it. Even before Friday’s attack, all those who updated systems were largely protected from it.
- To defend computer running on Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows 8 against ransomware, downloading the new patch from Windows.
- All users can protect themselves by being cautious of any malicious email attachments.