New Delhi: Revealing disturbing statistics, a UNICEF study has said that nearly 600,000 newborns die within 28 days of their birth every year India. These numbers contribute to a quarter of global neonatal deaths.
The study found that India has the highest number of newborn deaths in the world and the causes of such deaths are preventable and treatable as 80 percent of these fatalities happen for no serious reason.
On the brighter side, the study revealed that India has considerably reduced its under-five mortality rate.
“Though infant mortality in the country has declined considerably, the number of newborns dying each year remains unacceptably high. India, with nearly 600,000 newborn deaths each year, accounts for a quarter of the global burden of neonatal deaths,” said UNICEF in its global report on neonatal mortality “Every Child Alive” released on early Tuesday.
The report covered 184 countries, out of which, India ranked 31 with 25.4 neonatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) which kept the world’s seventh largest economy below 153 countries who have better survival rates for their newborns.
A year earlier, India was the 28th worst country among 184 nations in terms of neonatal mortality.
The first 28 days of life – the neonatal period – are the most vulnerable time for a child’s survival. Children face the highest risk of dying in their first month of life, at a global rate of 19 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Globally, 2.6 million children died in the first month of life in 2016 most of which occurred in the first week, with about one million dying on the first day and close to one million dying within the next six days, as per the UNICEF.
“Among those children, more than 80 percent died from preventable and treatable causes such as premature birth, complications during delivery, and infections like sepsis and pneumonia,” says the UN children’s agency.
Affordable and quality healthcare solutions should be there for every mother and newborn. It includes a steady supply of clean water and electricity at health facilities, presence of a skilled health attendant during birth, disinfecting the umbilical cord, breastfeeding within the first hour after birth and skin-to-skin contact between the mother and child, it said.
“India is currently off-track to meet the SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) target for neonatal mortality of 12 by 2030,” said the report. However, the country has made impressive progress in reduction of under-five mortality and with the current rate of decline “is on track to meet the SDG target for the under-five mortality of 25 per 1000 live births by 2030.”
India registered a reduction of 66 percent in under-five deaths during 1990 to 2015, nearly meeting its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target. In comparison, the decline in under-five mortality for the world was 55 percent.
The recent progress is even better, with 120,000 fewer deaths in 2016 as compared to 2015. The number of annual under-five deaths in India has gone below one million for the first time in 2016, said the agency.
On the policy front, the introduction of conditional cash transfers, provision of free transport services – 102 and 108 – and making free healthcare an entitlement for every women and infant have led to doubling of institutional deliveries from 39 percent in 2005 to 79 percent in 2016.
However, the progress has been inequitable for girls, with under-five mortality rate for girls being at 41 per 1,000 as against 37 per 1000 for boys. India is the only big country in the world to have a higher mortality for girls as compared to boys, it said and added girls are biologically stronger but socially vulnerable in India.