Islamabad: Pakistan issued sweeping financial sanctions against Afghanistan’s Taliban, just as the militant group is in the midst of the US-led peace process in the neighbouring country.
The orders, which were made public late on Friday, identified dozens of individuals, including the Taliban’s chief peace negotiator Abdul Ghani Baradar and several members of the Haqqani family, including Sirajuddin, the current head of the Haqqani network and deputy head of the Taliban.
The list of sanctioned groups included others besides the Taliban and was in keeping with a five-year-old United Nations resolution sanctioning the Afghan group and freezing their assets.
The orders were issued as part of Pakistan’s efforts to avoid being blacklisted by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which monitors money laundering and tracks terrorist groups’ activities, according to security officials who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak to the media.
Last year the Paris-based group put Islamabad on a grey list. Until now only Iran and North Korea are blacklisted, which severely restricts a country’s international borrowing capabilities. Pakistan is trying to get off the grey list, said the officials.
There was no immediate response from the Taliban, but many of the group’s leaders are known to own businesses and property in Pakistan.
Many of Taliban leaders, including those heading the much-feared Haqqani network, have lived in Pakistan since the 1980s when they were part of the Afghan mujahedeen and allies of the United States to end the 10-year invasion of Afghanistan by the former Soviet Union. It ended in February 1989.
Pakistan has denied giving sanctuary to the Taliban following their ouster in 2001 by the U.S.-led coalition but both Washington and Kabul routinely accused Islamabad of giving them a haven.
Still, it was Pakistan’s relationship with the Taliban that Washington eventually sought to exploit to move its peace negotiations with the insurgent movement forward.
America signed a peace deal with the Taliban on February 29. The deal is intended to end Washington’s nearly 20 years of military engagement in Afghanistan and has been touted as Afghanistan’s best hope for peace after more than four decades of war.
But even as Washington has already begun withdrawing its soldiers, efforts to get talks started between Kabul’s political leadership and the Taliban have been stymied by delays in a prisoner release programme.
The two sides are to release prisoners __ 5,000 by the government and 1,000 by the Taliban __ as a goodwill gesture ahead of talks. Both sides blame the other for the delays.
The timing of Pakistan’s decision to issue the orders implementing the restrictive sanctions could also be seen as a move to pressure the Taliban into a quick start to the intra-Afghan negotiations.
Kabul has defied a traditional jirga or council’s order to release the last Taliban it is holding, saying it wants 22 Afghan commandos being held by the Taliban freed first.
As well as the Taliban, the orders also target al-Qaida and the Islamic State affiliate which has carried out deadly attacks in both Pakistan and Afghanistan.
They also aim at outlawed Pakistani groups like Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), thousands of whom are believed by the U.N. to be hiding in remote regions of Afghanistan.
The TTP has declared war on Pakistan, carrying out one of the worst terrorist attacks in the country in 2014 killing 145 children and their teachers at an army public school in northwest Pakistan.
The orders also aim at outlawed anti-Indian groups considered allied with the country’s security services.