AL-MALIKIYAH: Turkish warplanes killed more than two dozen Kurdish fighters Tuesday in strikes in Syria and Iraq, where the Kurds are key players in the battle against the Islamic State group.
Turkey said it had carried out the strikes against “terrorist havens”, vowing to continue acting against groups it links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
In northeast Syria, strikes targeting the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) — who are leading the offensive against IS stronghold Raqa — were reported to have killed 20 fighters.
In northern Iraq they killed six peshmerga fighters from the autonomous Kurdish government, usually allied with Ankara, in an apparent accident.
Baghdad condemned a “violation of international law and Iraqi sovereignty”.
“The Iraqi government condemns and rejects the strikes carried out by Turkish aircraft on Iraqi territory,” said government spokesman Saad al-Hadithi.
The United States said it was “deeply concerned”.
“We are very concerned, deeply concerned that Turkey conducted air strikes earlier today in northern Syria as well as northern Iraq without proper coordination either with the United States or the broader global coalition to defeat ISIS,” State Department spokesman Mark Toner said, using another acronym for the jihadist group.
The strikes underlined the complexities of the battlefields in Iraq and Syria, where twin US-backed offensives are seeking to dislodge IS from its last major urban strongholds.
They could also exacerbate tensions between Ankara and its NATO ally Washington, which leads an anti-IS coalition carrying out air strikes in Syria and Iraq and sees the Kurds as instrumental in the fight against IS.
Turkey said its strikes aimed “to destroy terrorist havens targeting our country” and vowed to press the offensive “until the very last terrorist is neutralised”.
An army statement said the strikes “destroyed” shelter areas, ammunition warehouses and PKK communications facilities.
It said 40 PKK fighters were “neutralised” in Iraq and around 30 in Syria.
Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said if the PKK threatens border security, Turkey “will take steps to remove this threat regardless of whether it comes from country A or country B”.
“Dozens of simultaneous air strikes” targeted YPG positions near the Syrian city of Al-Malikiyah, including a media centre, a monitoring group said.
The strikes killed three media officers and 15 YPG fighters, one of the highest death tolls from Turkish air raids on Kurdish militia, said Syrian Observatory for Human Rights head Rami Abdel Rahman.
YPG spokesman Redur Khalil said 20 YPG fighters were killed and 18 wounded, three critically. Two civilians were also injured.
An AFP journalist saw collapsed buildings and rescuers searching through the rubble.
Representatives of the US-led coalition visited the site of the air strikes, the YPG’s political arm, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), said on Twitter.
An officer wearing a patch bearing a US flag was seen at the site with YPG fighters.
Ankara has bombed the YPG in northern Syria for months, calling it a “terrorist” group because of its ties to the PKK, which has been waging a deadly insurgency against Turkey since 1984.
While the air raids on Syria appeared to hit their intended targets, the bombardment in Iraq instead killed members of Kurdish security forces typically allied with Ankara.
The peshmerga ministry in Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish government said the raids killed five of its fighters and one intelligence officer.
Turkey appeared to have been targeting a minority Yazidi militia allied with the PKK and based in the northwestern region of Sinjar.
The peshmerga denounced the strike as “unacceptable” but focused blame on PKK-affiliated groups.
“These problems and tensions are all because of the PKK’s presence,” it said, accusing the PKK and its affiliates of refusing to withdraw from the Sinjar area.
The peshmerga have been instrumental in the battle against IS in northern Iraq though have stepped back in recent weeks as Iraqi forces advance against IS in Mosul.
Iraqi forces on Tuesday said they had retaken full control of Tenek, one of west Mosul’s largest neighbourhoods.
Eastern Mosul was recaptured in January and a push on the western half launched the following month has made steady progress despite fierce resistance.
IS is facing multiple offensives across Syria and Iraq — often led by governments or forces that otherwise bitterly oppose each other.
Turkey launched an unprecedented cross-border operation into Syria in August to fight IS and to keep the YPG in check.
The YPG makes up the bulk of the Syrian Democratic Forces alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters taking on IS in Syria.
After chipping away at IS territory across the north, the SDF is now locked fighting the jihadists inside Tabqa, a town on the Euphrates River.
Clashes continued inside south and west Tabqa after heavy US-led air strikes overnight, the Observatory said.
The SDF entered the town on Monday as part of its offensive on Raqa, Syrian heart of the jihadists’ self-styled “caliphate” since 2014.