New Delhi: The sex ratio in the country has shown a growth from 933 women in 2001 to 943 in 2011 for every 1,000 males, the government said on Friday.
“As per information received from the Office of Registrar General of India (RGI), the sex ratio of total population by residence has shown growth from 933 females per 1,000 males in 2001 to 943 females per 1,000 males in 2011,” Union Health Minister J P Nadda said in a written reply in Lok Sabha.
He said the number of registered female births has increased to 1,06,36,276 in 2013 from 94,63,528 in 2012 as compared to 1,18,44,107 and 1,04,25,752 male births in the corresponding years.
He said the government has adopted a multi-pronged strategy to build a positive environment for girl child through gender sensitive policies, provisions and legislations. “As per information recieved from National Crime Control Bureau (NCRB), a total of 50 cases were reported under female feticide in 2014,” Nadda said.
Replying to another question, Nadda said that as per the NCDIR-NCRP report on Time Trends in Cancer Incidence Rate 1982-2010, breast cancer showed significant increase in Age Adjusted Incidence Rate (AAR) over time across all ages with annual percentage change varying between 1.11 in Delhi to 3.32 in Bangalore. He said in Mumbai, the age group of 0-24 showed an increase in AARs over time.
Cervical cancer showed significant decrease in AARs over time across all ages with APC varying between minus 1.25 minus 3.5 in Chennai. “The increase in number of cancer cases in the country may be attributed to large number of aging population, unhealthy lifestyles, use of tobacco products, unhealthy diets and others,” Nadda said.
He said the systematic collection of data on cancer is being carried out by various Population based Cancer Registries (PBCR) across India under the National Cancer Registry Programme of ICMR since 1982. “The number of estimated prevalent cancer cases of all sites of cancer among women in the country for 2014 is 15,71,252,” he said.