Hyderabad: A dengue outbreak in Hyderabad and its surroundings has claimed more than 50 lives in last about 30 days. Over 1,300 people are suffering from Dengue. This number is constantly increasing. Of the 530 cases tested positive for dengue 370 are from Hyderabad.
Mosquitos breed in stagnant water. They begin multiplying into millions beginning from the rainy season. The failure of GHMC to kill the mosquitos in early stages has led to the present epidemic like situation.
According to medical experts Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease causing a serious flu-like sickness, prompting severe complications. The dengue infection (DEN) includes four particular serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4) which have a distinctive stereotypes flavivirus, family Flaviviridae. People who are infected with the dengue can transmit their ailments to others.
The following are the symptoms related to Dengue. They are severe headache; pain behind the eyes; nausea and vomiting; swollen glands; muscle and joint pains and; rash.
Dengue, if not treated properly in the beginning may lead to serious complications and fatality. This happens owing to plasma leaking, liquid accumulation, respiratory distress, and organ disability.
There is no particular treatment for dengue fever. Patients should look for medical advice, rest and drink a lot of liquids. Paracetamol can be used to cut down fever and decrease joint pains. Be that as it may, medicine for headache or ibuprofen shout not be taken since they can increase the danger of bleeding.
For severe dengue, medical care by doctors and medical caretakers experienced with the impacts and movement of the malady can often spare lives. Maintenance of the patient’s circulating fluid volume is the central feature of such care.
Prevention and control
The crucial current technique for controlling or forestalling dengue infection transmission is to kill the vector mosquitoes.
Legitimate strong waste transfer and improved water stockpiling work on, including covering holders to counteract access by egg-laying female mosquitoes are among different strategies that are supported through network-based projects.
Use mosquito nets and keep your surroundings hygenic. Diseases like Malaria and Dengue are common in this season. Since it is spread by female anopheles mosquito, it is advisable to use mosquito nets even during the day time.
Always protect yourself and your children by taking the basic precautions. Do not ignore any kind of rashes or infections. In addition, do not self-medicate, consult a physician if suffered from fever for more than three days.
Not only dengue but other diseases which are associated with viral fever first and then body pains.
Advice from medical experts
Dr. Ather Pasha, MD Internal Medicine said, “To avoid hospitalization an individual infected with dengue must drink plenty of water, avoid unnecessary drugs like painkillers and antibiotics. Children and elderly need special care.”
He further said that the first 3-4 days are very crucial where reducing temperature and taking soft oral bland diet is important. Platelets fall after temperature normalizes but don’t jump for platelet transfusion unless there is active bleeding. Otherwise it will complicate the situation. A CBP test should done to understanding what is going on inside the body, he added.
Dr. Fawad Ali, Asst. Professor at Deccan College of Medical Sciences, said that there are three phases in dengue:
It is the first phase of Dengue. The disease should be detected here since the temperature rises to 103 to 104 degree Celsius.
Only 10 per cent of patients come under this phase in which they suffer from various joint paints, eye pains and headache.
Protect yourself against mosquito bites by applying mosquito repellent, ointments, lotions or even oils.