New York: Human Rights Watch on Tuesday observed that the Bharatiya Janata Party-led Indian government\u2019s actions over the past year have caused enormous suffering and rights violations.\n\n\n\nThe rights watchdog, in the 30th edition of World\nReport 2020, a 652-page document that reviews human rights practices in nearly\n100 countries, hit out at Modi government for its unilateral revocation of\nKashmir\u2019s special constitutional status, increasing marginalization of\nminorities and the use of draconian laws to silence criticism.\n\n\n\nThe report stated: \u201cThroughout the year, U.N. experts have\nraised concerns over a series of issues in India, including extrajudicial\nkillings, potential statelessness of millions in Assam, possible eviction of\ntribal communities and forest-dwellers, and the communications blackout in Kashmir.\u201d\n\n\n\n Kashmir \n\n\n\nMeenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director at Human Rights Watch\nsaid \u201cThe Indian government has tried to shut down Kashmir, hiding the full\nextent of the harm caused there.\u201d She added: \u201cInstead of addressing growing\nattacks on minorities, Indian authorities bolstered their efforts to silence\ncritical voices in 2019.\u201d\n\n\n\nCriticising the Indian Government for gross human rights\nviolations, including the communications blockade, after lifting the Article\n370 from Jammu and Kashmir, The Human Rights Watch observed: \u201cBy November, even\nthough some restrictions were lifted, hundreds remained in detention and mobile\nphone services and internet access was still limited. The government\nblocked opposition politicians, foreign diplomats, and international\njournalists from independent visits to Kashmir.\u201d\n\n\n\nHuman Rights Watch observed that Delhi\u2019s actions in Kashmir\nhave \u201cled to loss of livelihood and access to education.\u201d It also noted that\nthe ongoing repression had drawn criticism from a majority of the global\ncommunity.\n\n\n\n Mob violence \n\n\n\nClaiming that the Indian government, under Prime Minister\nNarendra Modi, failed to properly enforce Supreme Court directives to prevent\nand investigate mob attacks, often led by BJP supporters, on religious\nminorities and other vulnerable communities the report noted: \u201cMuslims were\nalso beaten and forced to chant Hindu slogans. Police failed to\nproperly investigate the crimes, stalled investigations, ignored\nprocedures, and filed criminal cases against witnesses to harass and intimidate\nthem.\u201d\n\n\n\n CAA-NRC \n\n\n\nTerming India\u2019s recent moves to implement a citizenship\nverification nationwide, including fast-tracking citizenship for non-Muslims\nwho migrated from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh before 2015 as highly\nexclusionary, Human Rights Watch pointed out that Delhi\u2019s National Register of\nCitizens, published in Assam, conducted verifications in an arbitrary and\ndiscriminatory manner that risked leaving millions virtually stateless. \n\n\n\nIt observed that the list excluded nearly two million people, many of them Muslims, including many who have lived in India for years, in some cases their whole lives. Highlighting the serious allegations that the verification process was arbitrary and discriminatory, HRW pointed out: \u201cWhile there is a right to appeal, the government plans to build detention centres for those denied citizenship after appeal.\u201d\n\n\n\nExpressing concern over the exclusion of Muslims from CAA, the HRW stated, \u2018the government has also said that citizenship verification will be implemented across the country and that the government will amend the citizenship laws to include all irregular migrants from neighbouring countries but excludes Muslims from the list.\u2019\n\n\n\nHuman Rights Watch is an international non-governmental organisation.